Elemösszetétel, fő komponensek és nyomelemek meghatározása vízben

  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_filter WHERE cid = '2:3a754b40a5c017b7c0868afccde5c491' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 26.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<p>Az ICP készülékbe bejuttatott folyadékminták elpárolognak a plazmában és a keletkező atomok és ionok a besugárzás következtében gerjesztett állapotba kerülnek. A detektor a kibocsátott sugárzás alapján azonosítja az elemeket, és meghatározza koncentrációjukat megfelelő kalibráció alapján. Egy természetes vízmintában a következő koncentrációkat találták (ug/L):</p>\n<p>&nbsp;&nbsp;<br />\n<table style=\"width: 160px; border-collapse: collapse;\" border=\"0\" cellspacing=\"0\" cellpadding=\"0\">\n<colgroup span=\"1\"><col style=\"width: 60pt;\" span=\"2\" width=\"80\" /></colgroup>\n<tbody>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt; mso-yfti-irow: 0;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl22\" style=\"background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Al&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl24\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: windowtext; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">52,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Ag&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">7,60</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">As&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">26,4</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">B&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">286,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Ba&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">147,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Be&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">34,8</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Ca&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">7040,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Cd&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">21,7</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Co&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">20,1</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Cr&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">38,2</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Cu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">85,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Fe&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">33,9</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">K&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">1010,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Li&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">50,8</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Mg&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">5082,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Mn&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">121,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Mo&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">46,3</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Ni</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">26,5</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Pb</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">26,9</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Sb</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">13,7</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Se</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">21,1</span></td>\n</tr>\n<tr style=\"height: 15.75pt;\" height=\"21\">\n<td class=\"xl23\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; height: 15.75pt; border-top: windowtext; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\" height=\"21\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">Si</span></td>\n<td class=\"xl25\" style=\"border-bottom: windowtext 1pt solid; border-left: #ece9d8; background-color: transparent; width: 60pt; border-top: #ece9d8; border-right: windowtext 1pt solid;\" width=\"80\"><span style=\"font-size: xx-small;\">4080,0</span></td>\n</tr>\n</tbody>\n</table>\n</p>\n', created = 1553602868, expire = 1553689268, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '2:3a754b40a5c017b7c0868afccde5c491' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 109.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_filter WHERE cid = '2:72c759fc973b9388fa7f997383047b82' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 26.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<p><a href=\"http://www.shimadzu.eu/info/news/news200903e.pdf\" title=\"http://www.shimadzu.eu/info/news/news200903e.pdf\">http://www.shimadzu.eu/info/news/news200903e.pdf</a></p>\n', created = 1553602868, expire = 1553689268, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '2:72c759fc973b9388fa7f997383047b82' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 109.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_filter WHERE cid = '1:52bab3bd07cc9eb2830c36f409f8b4e5' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 26.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<p><a href=\"http://www.nfu.hu\"><img src=\"/drupal/sites/all/themes/enfo/images/hu_umft_kicsi1.png\" /></a></p>\n', created = 1553602868, expire = 1553689268, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '1:52bab3bd07cc9eb2830c36f409f8b4e5' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 109.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_filter WHERE cid = '2:9f993161d3d06b0a890015b9e994e92c' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 26.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<p>©Krata Kft. 2009 | <a href=\"http://drupal.org/\" target=\"_blank\" title=\"drupal\">drupal.org</a> | <a href=\"/drupal/sitemap\" title=\"honlaptérkép\">Honlaptérkép</a></p>\n', created = 1553602868, expire = 1553689268, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '2:9f993161d3d06b0a890015b9e994e92c' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 109.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_filter WHERE cid = '4:057a29da9101874c74e346301afa81a0' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 26.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<object><embed height=\"100\" src=\"/drupal/sites/all/themes/enfo/flash/banner2.swf\"></embed></object>', created = 1553602868, expire = 1553689268, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '4:057a29da9101874c74e346301afa81a0' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 109.
Kép forrása: 
hotdog.hu
Leírás szerzője: 
Fenyvesi Éva

Az ICP készülékbe bejuttatott folyadékminták elpárolognak a plazmában és a keletkező atomok és ionok a besugárzás következtében gerjesztett állapotba kerülnek. A detektor a kibocsátott sugárzás alapján azonosítja az elemeket, és meghatározza koncentrációjukat megfelelő kalibráció alapján. Egy természetes vízmintában a következő koncentrációkat találták (ug/L):

  

Al    52,0
Ag      7,60
As  26,4
B      286,0
Ba    147,0
Be     34,8
Ca      7040,0
Cd   21,7
Co   20,1
Cr   38,2
Cu    85,0
Fe     33,9
K       1010,0
Li      50,8
Mg      5082,0
Mn    121,0
Mo   46,3
Ni 26,5
Pb 26,9
Sb 13,7
Se 21,1
Si 4080,0

Szerző által felhasznált források: 

http://www.shimadzu.eu/info/news/news200903e.pdf