ECHA proposes a restriction on decaBDE

Szerző: 
Gruiz

ECHA proposes a restriction on decaBDE, a brominated flame retardant used in plastics and textiles.

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) has, at the request of the European Commission, submitted a report proposing a restriction on the manufacturing, use and placing on the market of bis(pentabromophenyl) ether (decaBDE), and on articles containing decaBDE in concentrations greater than 0.1% by weight. ECHA has collaborated with the Norwegian Environment Agency throughout the drafting of the restriction proposal.

ECHA proposes a restriction on decaBDE, a brominated flame retardant used in plastics and textiles.

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) has, at the request of the European Commission, submitted a report proposing a restriction on the manufacturing, use and placing on the market of  bis(pentabromophenyl) ether (decaBDE), and on articles containing decaBDE in concentrations greater than 0.1% by weight. ECHA has collaborated with the Norwegian Environment Agency throughout the drafting of the restriction proposal.

DecaBDE is persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) and also very persistent and very  bioaccumulative (vPvB) because it transforms to substances with these properties in the environment. It was added to the Candidate List for authorisation in December 2012.

PBT/vPvB substances give rise to specific concerns based on their potential to accumulate in the environment and cause effects that are unpredictable in the long-term and are difficult to reverse, even when emissions cease. Information from environmental monitoring shows that decaBDE occurs widely in the environment and in wildlife.

In addition to PBT/vPvB concerns, exposure to decaBDE and lower brominated transformation products may result in neurotoxic effects in mammals, including humans. DecaBDE is used as an additive flame retardant in plastic and textile articles. More specifically, it is used in domestic and commercial furniture and in the transport, construction and mining sector. The restriction proposal contains derogations for the second hand market, for electrical and electronic equipment within the scope of the RoHS Directive and for the aviation sector.

The main cost elements of the proposed restriction for society, identified in the proposal, relate to the costs of substitution with other chemical substances. The public consultation on this proposed restriction will end on 17 March 2015.