A zaj vizsgálata életciklus felmérés (LCA) során

A zaj vizsgálata életciklus felmérés (LCA) során

  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: SELECT data, created, headers, expire, serialized FROM cache_filter WHERE cid = '2:d1bbebdb898b4b66aef5b3d05df0246c' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 26.
  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<p><span style=\"font-family: Arial; color: black; font-size: 12pt; language: hu; mso-ascii-font-family: Arial; mso-color-index: 1;\">\n<p><span style=\"font-family: Arial; color: black; font-size: 12pt; language: hu; mso-ascii-font-family: Arial; mso-fareast-font-family: +mn-ea; mso-bidi-font-family: +mn-cs; mso-color-index: 1;\">Az életciklus felmérés gyakorlati alkalmazása során&nbsp;a zajhatások figyelembe vétele és vizsgálata nem elterjedt. Ennek okai:</span></p>\n<ul>\n<li><span style=\"font-family: Arial; color: black; font-size: 12pt; language: hu; mso-ascii-font-family: Arial; mso-color-index: 1;\">A zajnak lokális hatása van, amit nehéz olyan globális és regionális jelenségekkel együtt kezelni, mint amilyenekre a legtöbb LCA hatáskategória vonatkozik&nbsp;(pl. globális felmelegedés, </span><span style=\"font-family: Arial; color: black; font-size: 12pt; language: hu; mso-ascii-font-family: Arial; mso-color-index: 1;\">eutrofizáció</span><span style=\"font-family: Arial; color: black; font-size: 12pt; language: hu; mso-ascii-font-family: Arial; mso-color-index: 1;\"> stb.)</span></li>\n<li><span style=\"font-family: Arial; color: black; font-size: 12pt; language: hu; mso-ascii-font-family: Arial; mso-color-index: 1;\">Nincs megfelelő mennyiségű adat a különböző ipari folyamatokkal járó zaj mértékéről.</span></li>\n<li><span style=\"font-family: Arial; color: black; font-size: 12pt; language: hu; mso-ascii-font-family: Arial; mso-color-index: 1;\">Nincs megfelelő és egységesen elfogadott LCA hatásvizsgálati módszer a zajra.</span></li>\n<li><span style=\"font-family: Arial; color: black; font-size: 12pt; language: hu; mso-ascii-font-family: Arial; mso-color-index: 1;\">A gyakorlati alkalmazásban elterjedt LCA adatbázisok és szoftverek nem tartalmaznak a zajra vonatkozó adatokat és hatásvizsgálati módszereket.</span></li>\n</ul>\n<p></p></span></p>\n', created = 1544808635, expire = 1544895035, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '2:d1bbebdb898b4b66aef5b3d05df0246c' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 109.
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  • user warning: Table './drupal/cache_filter' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: UPDATE cache_filter SET data = '<p class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">Irodalmi források&nbsp;</span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: +mn-ea; mso-bidi-font-family: +mn-cs; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">a zajhatások vizsgálatára tett javaslatokról és&nbsp;kísérletekről:</span></p>\n<ul>\n<li>\n<div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: +mn-ea; mso-bidi-font-family: +mn-cs; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\"></span><span style=\"font-size: small;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">Doka, G.: </span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">Estimates of</span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\"> </span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">road, rail and airplane noise damages</span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\"> </span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">for Life Cycle Assessment</span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">, Zürich, December, 2009. (<a href=\"http://www.doka.ch/publications.htm)\"><span style=\"color: blue;\"></span></a><a href=\"http://www.doka.ch/publications.htm)\">http://www.doka.ch/publications.htm)</a></span></span></div>\n</li>\n<li>\n<div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;\"><span style=\"font-size: small;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\"></span></span><span style=\"font-size: small;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">Müller-Wenk, R: A Method to Include in LCA Road Traffic Noise and its Health Effects, Int. J. LCA 9 (2) 76-85 (2004)</span></span></div>\n</li>\n<li>\n<div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;\"><span style=\"font-size: small;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\"></span></span><span style=\"font-size: small;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">Lafleche, V., Sacchetto, F.: Noise Assessment in LCA – A Methodology Attempt, Int. J. LCA 2 (2) 111 – 115 (1997)</span></span></div>\n</li>\n<li>\n<div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;\"><span style=\"font-size: small;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\"></span></span><span style=\"font-size: small;\"><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">Benetto, E., Dujet, C., Rousseaux, P: </span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">Fuzzy-Sets Approach to Noise Impact Assessment</span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: HU; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">, </span><span style=\"font-family: &quot;Arial&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; mso-fareast-font-family: \'Times New Roman\'; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: IT;\">Int J LCA 11 (4) 222 – 228 (2006) </span></span></div>\n</li>\n</ul>\n', created = 1544808635, expire = 1544895035, headers = '', serialized = 0 WHERE cid = '2:d78f52de68864df0fc1bc0a91b8ab721' in /usr/share/drupal/includes/cache.inc on line 109.
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Szerző: 
Sára Balázs

Az életciklus felmérés gyakorlati alkalmazása során a zajhatások figyelembe vétele és vizsgálata nem elterjedt. Ennek okai:

  • A zajnak lokális hatása van, amit nehéz olyan globális és regionális jelenségekkel együtt kezelni, mint amilyenekre a legtöbb LCA hatáskategória vonatkozik (pl. globális felmelegedés, eutrofizáció stb.)
  • Nincs megfelelő mennyiségű adat a különböző ipari folyamatokkal járó zaj mértékéről.
  • Nincs megfelelő és egységesen elfogadott LCA hatásvizsgálati módszer a zajra.
  • A gyakorlati alkalmazásban elterjedt LCA adatbázisok és szoftverek nem tartalmaznak a zajra vonatkozó adatokat és hatásvizsgálati módszereket.

Forrás: 

Irodalmi források a zajhatások vizsgálatára tett javaslatokról és kísérletekről:

  • Doka, G.: Estimates of road, rail and airplane noise damages for Life Cycle Assessment, Zürich, December, 2009. (http://www.doka.ch/publications.htm)
  • Müller-Wenk, R: A Method to Include in LCA Road Traffic Noise and its Health Effects, Int. J. LCA 9 (2) 76-85 (2004)
  • Lafleche, V., Sacchetto, F.: Noise Assessment in LCA – A Methodology Attempt, Int. J. LCA 2 (2) 111 – 115 (1997)
  • Benetto, E., Dujet, C., Rousseaux, P: Fuzzy-Sets Approach to Noise Impact Assessment, Int J LCA 11 (4) 222 – 228 (2006)